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In this article Barry Mavin, CEO and Chief Software Architect for Recital, details how to work with Triggers in the Recital Database Server.

Overview

A trigger is a special kind of stored procedure that runs when you modify data in a specified table using one or more of the data modification operations: UPDATE, INSERT, or DELETE.

Triggers can query other tables and can include complex SQL statements. They are primarily useful for enforcing complex business rules or requirements. For example, you can control whether to allow a new order to be inserted based on a customer's current account status.

Triggers are also useful for enforcing referential and data integrity.

Triggers can be used with any data source that is handled natively by the Recital Database Engine. This includes Recital, FoxPro, FoxBASE, Clipper, dBase, CISAM, and RMS data,

Creating and Editing Triggers

To create a new Trigger,  right-click the Procedures node in the Databases tree of the Project Explorer and choose Create. To modify an existing Trigger select the Trigger in the Databases Tree in the Project Explorer by double-clicking on it, or select Modify from the context menu. By convertion we recommend that you name your Stored Procedures beginning with "sp_xxx_", user-defined functions with "f_xxx_", and Triggers with "dt_xxx_", where xxx is the name of the table that they are associated with.

Associating Triggers with a Table

Once you have written your Triggers as detailed above you can associate them with the operations performed on a Table by selecting the Table tab.

The Tables tab allows you to select a Trigger procedure by clicking on the small button at the right of the Text field.

Types of Triggers

As can be seen from the Tables tab detailed below, The Recital Database Server handles 6 distinct types of Triggers.

Open Trigger

The Open Trigger is called after is a table is opened but before any operations are performed on it. You can use this trigger to record a log of table usage or provide a programmable means of checing security. If the Trigger procedure returns .F. (false), then the table is not opened. You can use a TRY...CATCH block around the associated command to inform the user.

Close Trigger

The Close Trigger is called just prior to a table being closed. In this trigger you may find it useful to get transaction counts by using the IOSTATS() built-in 4GL function, and record these values in a transaction log.

Update Trigger

The Update Trigger is called prior to a record update operation being performed. You can use this trigger to perform complex application or data specific validation. If the Trigger procedure returns .F. (false), then the record is not updated. You can use inform the user from within the Trigger procedure the reason that the data cannot be updated.

Delete Trigger

The Delete Trigger is called prior to a record delete operation being performed. You can use this trigger to perform complex application or data specific validation such as cross-table lookups e.g. attempting to delete a customer recortd when there are still open orders for that specific customer. If the Trigger procedure returns .F. (false), then the record is not deleted.

Insert Trigger

The Insert Trigger is called prior to a record insert (append) operation being performed. You can use this trigger to perform such tasks as setting up default values of columns within the record. If the Trigger procedure returns .F. (false), then the record is not inserted.

Rollback Trigger

The RollbackTrigger is called prior to a rollback operation being performed from within a form. If the Trigger procedure returns .F. (false), then the record is not rolled back to its original state.

Testing the Trigger

To test run the Trigger, select the Trigger in the Databases Tree in the Project Explorer by double-clicking on it. Once the Database Administrator is displayed, click the Run button to run the Trigger.

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Recital 10 introduced the ECHO command. This command operates in the same way as the PHP ECHO command. It does not append a newline to the output but rather operates in the same way as the existing ?? command in Recital. The string being output can contain C-style string escapes \n \t or \r (newline, tab and carriage return respectively) e.g.
echo "Hello world\n"
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This article looks at the range of client access mechanisms for Windows that can be used with the Recital C-ISAM Bridge and details bridge configuration and usage.

Overview

Just because the format of data is regarded as 'legacy' does not make that data in any way obsolete. Modern client interfaces can not only extend the life of long-term data, but also provide different ways to analyse and gain advantage from that data.

Recital Corporation provides a range of solutions to interface to Informix compliant C-ISAM data on Linux or UNIX from Windows clients.

.NET

Click image to display full size

Fig 1: Recital Mirage .NET application accessing the C-ISAM Demo table.


Recital offers two alternative ways to access C-ISAM data using Microsoft .NET:

The Recital .NET Data Provider is a managed Data Provider written in C# that provides full compatibility with the Microsoft SQLserver and OLE DB data providers that ship with the .NET framework. It is fully integrated with the Visual Studio .NET IDE supporting data binding and automatic code generation using the form designer. The Recital .NET Data Provider works in conjunction with the Recital Database Server for Linux or UNIX to access C-ISAM data.

Recital Mirage .NET is a complete solution for migrating, developing and deploying 4GL database applications. Recital Mirage .NET works in conjunction with the Recital Mirage .NET Application Server for Linux or UNIX to access C-ISAM data.

JDBC

Click image to display full size

Fig 2: Java™ Swing JTable accessing the C-ISAM Demo table via the Recital JDBC Driver.


The Recital JDBC Driver is an all Java Type 4 JDBC 3.0 Driver, allowing you to access C-ISAM data from Java applets and applications. The Recital JDBC Driver works in conjunction with the Recital Database Server for Linux or UNIX to access C-ISAM data.

ODBC

Click image to display full size

Fig 3: Microsoft® Office Excel 2003 Pivot Chart and Pivot Table accessing the C-ISAM Demo table via the Recital ODBC Driver.


The Recital ODBC Driver is an ODBC 3.0 Driver, allowing you to access C-ISAM data from your preferred ODBC based Windows applications. You can develop your own applications in languages such as C++ or Visual Basic, manipulate the data in a spreadsheet package or word processor document and design charts, graphs and reports. The Recital ODBC Driver works in conjunction with the Recital Database Server for Linux or UNIX to access C-ISAM data.

Configuring the Recital C-ISAM Bridge

Data access is achieved through a C-ISAM Bridge.  This requires the creation of an empty Recital table that has the same structure as the C-ISAM file and of a RecitalC-ISAM Bridge file.

On Linux and UNIX, Recital Terminal Developer and the Recital Database Server come complete with an example C-ISAM data file, C-ISAM index and Recital C-ISAM bridge that can be used for testing and as a template for configuring your own C-ISAM bridges.  The Recital Database Server also includes a bridge creation ini file.

Step 1:

Create a Recital table with the same structure as the C-ISAM file.  The fields/columns in the structure file must exactly match the data type and length of those in the C-ISAM file.  The Recital table will have one byte more in total record length due to the Recital record deletion marker.

To create the table, use the SQL CREATE TABLE command or the Recital Terminal Developer CREATE worksurface.  The SQL CREATE TABLE command can be called directly:

SQLExecDirect:
  In:      hstmt = 0x00761BE8,
    szSqlStr = "CREATE TABLE cisamdemo.str (DD Char(4)
              DESCRIPTION "Dd...", cbSqlStr = -3
  Return:  SQL_SUCCESS=0

or be included in a 4GL program:

// createtab.prg
CREATE TABLE cisamdemo.str;
    (DD Char(4) DESCRIPTION "Dd",;
     CONFIRM Char(6) DESCRIPTION "Confirm",;
     PROCDATE Char(6) DESCRIPTION "Procdate",;
     CONTROL Char(5) DESCRIPTION "Control",;
     DOLLARS Decimal(13,2) DESCRIPTION "Dollars",;
     DEALER Char(5) DESCRIPTION "Dealer",;
     TERRITORY Char(2) DESCRIPTION "Territory",;
     WOREP Char(12) DESCRIPTION "Worep",;
     CURRTRAN Char(3) DESCRIPTION "Currtran",;
     TRADDATE Char(6) DESCRIPTION "Traddate",;
     CITY Char(10) DESCRIPTION "City",;
     ACCOUNT Char(11) DESCRIPTION "Account",;
     PRETRAN Char(2) DESCRIPTION "Pretran",;
     AFSREP Char(14) DESCRIPTION "Afsrep",;
     REPKEY Char(9) DESCRIPTION "Repkey",;
     BRANCH Char(3) DESCRIPTION "Branch",;
     WODEALER Char(5) DESCRIPTION "Wodealer",;
     BANKCODE Char(2) DESCRIPTION "Bankcode",;
     COMMRATE Decimal(6,4) DESCRIPTION "Commrate",;
     NEWREP Char(1) DESCRIPTION "Newrep",;
     SETTLE Char(1) DESCRIPTION "Settle",;
     POSTDATE Char(6) DESCRIPTION "Postdate")
if file("cisamdemo.str")
    return .T.
else
    return .F.
endif
// end of createtab.prg

Server-side 4GL programs can be called by all clients, e.g. from a Java class with a JDBC connection:

//---------------------------------
//-- create_str.java --
//---------------------------------
import java.sql.*;
import java.io.*;
import Recital.sql.*;

public class create_str {

  public static void main(String argv[]) {
    try {
      new RecitalDriver();
      String url = "jdbc:Recital:" +
        "SERVERNAME=cisamserver;" +
        "DIRECTORY=/usr/recital/data/southwind;" +
        "USERNAME=user;" +
        "PASSWORD=password";
      Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection(url, "user", "pass");
      Statement stmt = con.createStatement();

      CallableStatement sp = con.prepareCall("{call createtab}");
      boolean res = sp.execute();
      String outParam = sp.getString(1);
      System.out.println("Returned "+outParam);
      sp.close();
      con.close();
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.flush();
      System.err.flush();
      DriverManager.println("Driver exception: " + e.getMessage());
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    try {
      System.out.println("Press any key to continue...");
      System.in.read();
    } catch(IOException ie) {
      ;
    }
  }
}

The table should be given a ‘.str’ file extension (rather than the default ‘.dbf’) to signify that this is a structure file only.

Please see the end of this article for information on matching Informix and Recital data types



Fig 4: Recital CREATE/MODIFY STRUCTURE worksurface for character mode table creation.

Step 2: Creating the Bridge File

If you have Recital installed on the server platform, the Bridge File can be created using the CREATE BRIDGE worksurface.  The corresponding command to modify the bridge file is MODIFY BRIDGE <bridge file>.  This is the cisamdemo.dbf bridge file in the CREATE/MODIFY BRIDGE WORKSURFACE:

> modify bridge cisamdemo.dbf


Fig 5: Recital CREATE BRIDGE/MODIFY BRIDGE worksurface for bridge creation.

For Recital Database Server clients, the Bridge File can be created using the Recital/SQL CREATE BRIDGE command:

Recital/SQL CREATE BRIDGE:
CREATE BRIDGE cisamdemo.dbf;
  TYPE "CISAM";
  EXTERNAL "cisamdemo.dat";
  METADATA "cisamdemo.str";
  ALIAS "cisamdemo"

or:

CREATE BRIDGE cisamdemo.dbf;
  AS "type=CISAM;external=cisamdemo.dat;metadata=cisamdemo.str;alias=cisamdemo"

The examples above assume that the C-ISAM file, the bridge file and the Recital structure file are all in the current working directory.  Full path information can be specified for the <externalname> and the <databasename>.  For added flexibility, environment variables can be used to determine the path at the time the bridge is opened.  Environment variables can be included for either or both the <externalname> and the <databasename>.  A colon should be specified between the environment variable and the file name.

e.g.

  CREATE BRIDGE cisamdemo.dbf;
  TYPE "CISAM";
  EXTERNAL "DB_DATADIR:cisamdemo";
  METADATA "DB_MIRAGE_PATH:cisamdemo.str";
  ALIAS "cisamdemo"
Recital CREATE BRIDGE/MODIFY BRIDGE worksurface:


Fig 6: Recital CREATE BRIDGE/MODIFY BRIDGE worksurface - using environment variables.

Using the Bridge

The Bridge can now be used.  To access the C-ISAM file, use the ‘alias’ specified in the Bridge definition.

SQL:
SELECT * FROM cisamdemo
Recital/4GL:
use cisamdemo

Indexes

The cisamdemo.dat file included in the Recital distributions for Linux and UNIX has three associated index keys in the cisamdemo.idx file:

Select area: 1
Database in use: cisamdemo
Alias: cisamdemo
Number of records: 4
Current record: 2
File Type: CISAM (C-ISAM)
Master Index: [cisamdemo.idx key #1]
Key: DD+CONFIRM+PROCDATE+CONTROL
Type: Character
Len: 21   (Unique)
Index: [cisamdemo.idx key #2]
Key: DD+SUBSTR(CONFIRM,2,5)+TRADDATE+STR(DOLLARS,13,2) +CURRTRAN+ACCOUNT Type: Character Len: 42 Index: [cisamdemo.idx key #3] Key: DEALER+BRANCH+AFSREP+SUBSTR(PROCDATE,5,2) +SUBSTR(CONTROL,2,4) Type: Character Len: 28

The Recital C-ISAM bridge makes full use of the C-ISAM indexes.  SQL SELECT statements with WHERE clauses are optimized based on any of the existing indexes when possible.  The following ODBC SELECT call makes use of key #3 rather than sequentially searching through the data file.

SQLExecDirect:
  In:      hstmt = 0x00761BE8,
    szSqlStr = "select * from cisamdemo
      where dealer+branch+afsrep=' 00161   595-7912",
      cbSqlStr = -3
  Return:  SQL_SUCCESS=0

Get Data All:

"DD", "CONFIRM", "PROCDATE", "CONTROL", "DOLLARS", "DEALER", 
"TERRITORY", "WOREP", "CURRTRAN", "TRADDATE", "CITY", "ACCOUNT", 
"PRETRAN", "AFSREP", "REPKEY", "BRANCH", "WODEALER", "BANKCODE", 
"COMMRATE", "NEWREP", "SETTLE", "POSTDATE"

"0159", " 15522", "930312", "13356", 4992.60, "00161", "19", 
"", "210", "930305", "", "70000100009", "", "595-7912", 
"930315791", "", "", "59", 0.0000, "1", "", "930315"
1 row fetched from 22 columns.

Using the Recital/4GL, the primary index is set as the master index when the bridge is first opened.  Any secondary indexes can be selected using the SET ORDER TO <expN> command.  The Recital/4GL SEEK or FIND commands and SEEK() function can be used to search in the current master index.

> SET ORDER TO 3
Master index: [cisamdemo.idx key #3]
> SEEK “00161   595-7912”

Appendix 1: Data Types

Informix

Recital

Byte

Numeric

Char

Character

Character

Character

Date

Date

Datetime

Character

Decimal

Numeric

Double Precision

Float

Float

Real

16 Bit Integer

Short

Integer

Numeric

Interval

Character

32 Bit Long

Integer

Money

Numeric

Numeric

Numeric

Real

Numeric

Smallfloat

Numeric

Smallint

Numeric

Text

Unsupported

Varchar

Character

Appendix 2: C-ISAM RDD Error Messages

The following errors relate to the use of the Recital CISAM Replaceable Database Driver (RDD).  They can be received as an ‘errno <expN>’ on Recital error messages:


ERRNO()

Error Description

100

Duplicate record

101

File not open

102

Invalid argument

103

Invalid key description

104

Out of file descriptors

105

Invalid ISAM file format

106

Exclusive lock required

107

Record claimed by another user

108

Key already exists

109

Primary key may not be used

110

Beginning or end of file reached

111

No match was found

112

There is no “current” established

113

Entire file locked by another user

114

File name too long

115

Cannot create lock file

116

Memory allocation request failed

117

Bad custom collating

118

Duplicate primary key allowed

119

Invalid transaction identifier

120

Exclusively locked in a transaction

121

Internal error in journaling

122

Object not locked

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In this article Barry Mavin, CEO and Chief Software Architect for Recital details how to Build C Extension Libraries to use with Recital.

Overview

It is possible to extend the functionaliy of Recital products using "Extension libraries" that can be written in C. These extension libraries, written using the Recital/SDK API, are dynamically loadable from all Recital 9 products. This includes:

  • Recital
  • Recital Server
  • Recital Web

Building C Extension Libraries

You can create C wrappers for virtually any native operating system function and access these from the Recital 4GL. Unlike traditional APIs which only handle the development of C functions that are callable from the 4GL, the Recital/SDK allows you to build Classes that are accessible from all Recital products. e.g. You could create a GUI framework for Linux that handles VFP system classes!

To deploy your C Extension Libraries, copy them to the following location:

Windows:

\Program Files\Recital\extensions

Linux/Unix:

/opt/recital/extensions

Please see the Recital/SDK API Reference documentation for further details.

Sample code

Listed below is the complete example of a C Extension Library.:

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#include "mirage_demo.h"  
      
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Declare your functions and classes below as follows:
//
//    Recital Function Name, C Function Name, Type (Function or Class)
//
#define MAX_ELEMENTS    7
static  struct  API_SHARED_FUNCTION_TABLE api_function_table[MAX_ELEMENTS] = {
        {"schar",   "fnSamplesCharacter",   API_FUNCTION},
        {"stype",   "fnSamplesType",           API_FUNCTION},
        {"slog",    "fnSamplesLogical",        API_FUNCTION},
        {"snum",    "fnSamplesNumeric",    API_FUNCTION},
        {"sopen",   "fnSamplesOpen",         API_FUNCTION},
        {"myclass", "clsMyClass",               API_CLASS},
        {NULL,      NULL,                   -1}
};

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Recital API initialization. This should be in only ONE of your C files
// **IT SHOULD NEVER BE EDITED OR REMOVED**  
INIT_API;


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example of passing a character parameter and returning one.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesCharacter(void)
{
    char    *arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "C", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    _retc(arg1);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example of passing a numeric parameter and returning one.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesNumeric(void)
{
    int arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "N", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    _retni(arg1);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example returns the data type of the parameter passed.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesType(void)
{
    char    result[10];

    if (PCOUNT != 1) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    switch (_parinfo(1)) {
        case API_CTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Character");
            break;
        case API_NTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Numeric");
            break;
        case API_LTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Logical");
            break;
        case API_DTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Date");
            break;
        case API_TTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "DateTime");
            break;
        case API_YTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Currency");
            break;
        case API_ATYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Array");
            break;
        default:
            strcpy(result, "Unkown");
            break;
    }

    _retc(result);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example returns "True" or False.
RECITAL_FUNCTION  fnSamplesLogical(void)
{
    char    result[10];
    int     arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "L", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    if (arg1) strcpy(result, "True");
    else strcpy(result, "False");

    _retc(result);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This example opens a table.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesOpen(void)
{
    char    *arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "C", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    if (_parinfo(1) == API_CTYPE) {
        _retni(COMMAND(arg1));
    } else {
        _retni(-1);
    }
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define the MyClass CLASS using the API macros
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
RECITAL_EXPORT int DEFINE_CLASS(clsMyClass)
{
    /*-------------------------------------*/ 
    /* Dispatch factory methods and return */
    /*-------------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_FACTORY();
 
    /*---------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch constructor and return */ 
    /*---------------------------------*/ 
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Constructor);

    /*--------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch destructor and return */
    /*--------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Destructor); 

    /*-----------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch DEFINE method and return */
    /*-----------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Define);

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */
    /* method for property NumValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, NumValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, NumValue); 

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */
    /* method for property LogValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, LogValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, LogValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property DateValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, DateValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, DateValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property TimeValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, TimeValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, TimeValue);
 
    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property CurrValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, CurrValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, CurrValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property CharValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, CharValue); 
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, CharValue);

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */ 
    /* method for property ObjValue */ 
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, ObjValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, ObjValue);

    /*-----------------------------------*/
    /* If message not found return error */
    /*-----------------------------------*/
    OBJECT_RETERROR("Unknown message type");
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define METHOD handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Constructor) 
{
        struct example_data *objectDataArea;

        /* Allocate memory for objects objectData area */
        objectDataArea = (struct example_data *) 
           malloc(sizeof(struct example_data));
        if (objectDataArea == NULL) return(-1);
    
        /* Assign the default property values */
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_charvalue, "Test API object");
        objectDataArea->prop_numvalue = 15.2827;
        objectDataArea->prop_logvalue = 'F';
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_datevalue, DATE_DATE());
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_timevalue, DATE_DATETIME());
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_currvalue, "15.2827");
        strcpy(objectDataArea->object_name, "APIobject");
        objectDataArea->prop_objvalue 
             = OBJECT_NEW(objectDataArea->object_name, "exception", NULL);
    
        /* Set the object objectData area */
        OBJECT_SETDATA((char *)objectDataArea);
    
        return(0);
}
  
DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Destructor) 
{
        struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

        if (objectData != NULL) {
            if (objectData->prop_objvalue != NULL) 
              OBJECT_DELETE(objectData->prop_objvalue);
            free(objectData);
            objectData = NULL;
        }
        return(0);
}

DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Define) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct      API_EXPRESSION result;
    char        buffer[512];
    int         rc;

/* Check the object class */
    OBJECT_GETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue, "class", buffer);
    rc = OBJECT_GETARG(buffer, &result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C' 
        && strcmp(result.character, "Exception") == 0) { 
        switch (OBJECT_GETARGC()) {
            case 1: 
                rc = OBJECT_GETPARAMETER(1, &result);
                if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C') {
                    OBJECT_SETARG(buffer, &result);
                    rc = OBJECT_SETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue,
                         "message", buffer);
                }
                break;
            case 2: 
                rc = OBJECT_GETPARAMETER(2, &result);
                if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'N') {
                    OBJECT_SETARG(buffer, &result);
                    rc = OBJECT_SETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue,
                         "errorno", buffer);
                }
         }
    }

    result.type = 'L';
    result.logical = (rc == 0 ? 'T' : 'F');  
    OBJECT_RETRESULT(&result);
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define GET property handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, NumValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('N', objectData->prop_numvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, LogValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('L', objectData->prop_logvalue);
}  

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, DateValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('D', objectData->prop_datevalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, TimeValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('T', objectData->prop_timevalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, CurrValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('Y', objectData->prop_currvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, CharValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('C', objectData->prop_charvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, ObjValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('O', objectData->prop_objvalue);
} 


////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define SET property handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, NumValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'N') {
        objectData->prop_numvalue = result.number;
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, LogValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'L') {
        objectData->prop_logvalue = result.logical;
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, DateValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;
    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'D') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_datevalue, DATE_DTOS(result.date));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, TimeValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'T') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_timevalue, DATE_TTOS(result.datetime));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc); 
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, CurrValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'Y') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_currvalue, CURR_YTOS(result.currency));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, CharValue)  
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_currvalue, result.character);
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, ObjValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    OBJECT  objvalue;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    if (OBJECT_GETTYPE() == 'O') {
        objvalue = OBJECT_GETOBJECT(); 
        objectData->prop_objvalue = OBJECT_ASSIGN(objvalue, objectData->object_name);
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}
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Recital 10 enhanced Recital by enabling it to be used in bash shell scripts and in shell commands which use pipes and/or redirect stdin and stdout. If stdin is not redirected then recital will startup and operate as normal in a terminal window. Additionally you can use heredoc to denote a block of recital commands that should be executed. Note that when used in this manner, no UI commands can be executed and no user interaction is allowed.  
# recital < mrprog.prg 
# recital < myprog.prg > myoutput.txt
# recital > myoutput.txt <<END
use customers
list structure
END
# echo "select * from sales!customers where overdue" | recital | wc -l
Individual commands can be executed in shell scripts.
# recital -c "create database sales"
# recital -c "create table sales!invoices (id int, name char(25), due date)"
Expressions can be evaluated and used in shell scripts.
# VER=`recital -e "version(1)"`
You can view what command line options are available by typing:
# recital --help
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After installing nomachine, if you get an error connecting whereby nomachine errors out after  "Negotiating link parameters"
 

When installing nomachine on redhat 5.3 64-bit be sure to:

  1. Make sure you have installed the 64-bit packages as the 32-bit ones will not work.
  2. add the hostname to /etc/hosts
  3. Check "Disable encryption of all traffic" (in configuration / advanced tab)
On Centos 32-bit:
  1. add the hostname to /etc/hosts
  2. make sure the host IP is not specified as 127.0.0.1 line
  3. Uncheck "Disable encryption of all traffic" (in configuration / advanced tab)
 
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The Komodo Editor is a free project based editor that runs on the mac, linux and windows. It color codes and handles auto completion for lots of languages (including Recital/PHP/Perl/C etc). You can download it free from here.
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These can be found in:

/usr/include/asm-generic

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Recital 10.0 introduced the SET DATADIR TO [<directory>] command.. The full syntax is;
SET DATADIR TO [ <directory> ] 
This command is used to specify a  directory where database tables, memos, indexes, and dictionary  files are located. When a table is being opened this directory is searched first before the current directory and the file search path to locate the table and its associated files. This allows the database tables to be relocated to a different file system without the need to change an existing application.
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There is a good article on the gluster website here which gives some good information regarding file system optimization suitable for a HA Recital cluster solution.

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