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In this article Barry Mavin, CEO and Chief Software Architect for Recital details how to Build C Extension Libraries to use with Recital.

Overview

It is possible to extend the functionaliy of Recital products using "Extension libraries" that can be written in C. These extension libraries, written using the Recital/SDK API, are dynamically loadable from all Recital 9 products. This includes:

  • Recital
  • Recital Server
  • Recital Web

Building C Extension Libraries

You can create C wrappers for virtually any native operating system function and access these from the Recital 4GL. Unlike traditional APIs which only handle the development of C functions that are callable from the 4GL, the Recital/SDK allows you to build Classes that are accessible from all Recital products. e.g. You could create a GUI framework for Linux that handles VFP system classes!

To deploy your C Extension Libraries, copy them to the following location:

Windows:

\Program Files\Recital\extensions

Linux/Unix:

/opt/recital/extensions

Please see the Recital/SDK API Reference documentation for further details.

Sample code

Listed below is the complete example of a C Extension Library.:

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#include "mirage_demo.h"  
      
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Declare your functions and classes below as follows:
//
//    Recital Function Name, C Function Name, Type (Function or Class)
//
#define MAX_ELEMENTS    7
static  struct  API_SHARED_FUNCTION_TABLE api_function_table[MAX_ELEMENTS] = {
        {"schar",   "fnSamplesCharacter",   API_FUNCTION},
        {"stype",   "fnSamplesType",           API_FUNCTION},
        {"slog",    "fnSamplesLogical",        API_FUNCTION},
        {"snum",    "fnSamplesNumeric",    API_FUNCTION},
        {"sopen",   "fnSamplesOpen",         API_FUNCTION},
        {"myclass", "clsMyClass",               API_CLASS},
        {NULL,      NULL,                   -1}
};

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Recital API initialization. This should be in only ONE of your C files
// **IT SHOULD NEVER BE EDITED OR REMOVED**  
INIT_API;


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example of passing a character parameter and returning one.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesCharacter(void)
{
    char    *arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "C", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    _retc(arg1);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example of passing a numeric parameter and returning one.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesNumeric(void)
{
    int arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "N", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    _retni(arg1);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example returns the data type of the parameter passed.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesType(void)
{
    char    result[10];

    if (PCOUNT != 1) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    switch (_parinfo(1)) {
        case API_CTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Character");
            break;
        case API_NTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Numeric");
            break;
        case API_LTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Logical");
            break;
        case API_DTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Date");
            break;
        case API_TTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "DateTime");
            break;
        case API_YTYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Currency");
            break;
        case API_ATYPE:
            strcpy(result, "Array");
            break;
        default:
            strcpy(result, "Unkown");
            break;
    }

    _retc(result);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This is an example returns "True" or False.
RECITAL_FUNCTION  fnSamplesLogical(void)
{
    char    result[10];
    int     arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "L", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    if (arg1) strcpy(result, "True");
    else strcpy(result, "False");

    _retc(result);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This example opens a table.
RECITAL_FUNCTION fnSamplesOpen(void)
{
    char    *arg1;
    
    if (!_parse_parameters(PCOUNT, "C", &arg1)) { 
        ERROR(-1, "Incorrect parameters");
    }
    
    if (_parinfo(1) == API_CTYPE) {
        _retni(COMMAND(arg1));
    } else {
        _retni(-1);
    }
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define the MyClass CLASS using the API macros
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
RECITAL_EXPORT int DEFINE_CLASS(clsMyClass)
{
    /*-------------------------------------*/ 
    /* Dispatch factory methods and return */
    /*-------------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_FACTORY();
 
    /*---------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch constructor and return */ 
    /*---------------------------------*/ 
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Constructor);

    /*--------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch destructor and return */
    /*--------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Destructor); 

    /*-----------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch DEFINE method and return */
    /*-----------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_METHOD(clsMyClass, Define);

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */
    /* method for property NumValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, NumValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, NumValue); 

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */
    /* method for property LogValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, LogValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, LogValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property DateValue */
    /* then return.                 */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, DateValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, DateValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property TimeValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, TimeValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, TimeValue);
 
    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property CurrValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, CurrValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, CurrValue);

    /*-------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY  */
    /* method for property CharValue */
    /* then return.                  */
    /*-------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, CharValue); 
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, CharValue);

    /*------------------------------*/
    /* Dispatch SET or GET PROPERTY */ 
    /* method for property ObjValue */ 
    /* then return.                 */
    /*------------------------------*/
    DISPATCH_PROPSET(clsMyClass, ObjValue);
    DISPATCH_PROPGET(clsMyClass, ObjValue);

    /*-----------------------------------*/
    /* If message not found return error */
    /*-----------------------------------*/
    OBJECT_RETERROR("Unknown message type");
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define METHOD handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Constructor) 
{
        struct example_data *objectDataArea;

        /* Allocate memory for objects objectData area */
        objectDataArea = (struct example_data *) 
           malloc(sizeof(struct example_data));
        if (objectDataArea == NULL) return(-1);
    
        /* Assign the default property values */
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_charvalue, "Test API object");
        objectDataArea->prop_numvalue = 15.2827;
        objectDataArea->prop_logvalue = 'F';
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_datevalue, DATE_DATE());
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_timevalue, DATE_DATETIME());
        strcpy(objectDataArea->prop_currvalue, "15.2827");
        strcpy(objectDataArea->object_name, "APIobject");
        objectDataArea->prop_objvalue 
             = OBJECT_NEW(objectDataArea->object_name, "exception", NULL);
    
        /* Set the object objectData area */
        OBJECT_SETDATA((char *)objectDataArea);
    
        return(0);
}
  
DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Destructor) 
{
        struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

        if (objectData != NULL) {
            if (objectData->prop_objvalue != NULL) 
              OBJECT_DELETE(objectData->prop_objvalue);
            free(objectData);
            objectData = NULL;
        }
        return(0);
}

DEFINE_METHOD(clsMyClass, Define) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct      API_EXPRESSION result;
    char        buffer[512];
    int         rc;

/* Check the object class */
    OBJECT_GETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue, "class", buffer);
    rc = OBJECT_GETARG(buffer, &result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C' 
        && strcmp(result.character, "Exception") == 0) { 
        switch (OBJECT_GETARGC()) {
            case 1: 
                rc = OBJECT_GETPARAMETER(1, &result);
                if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C') {
                    OBJECT_SETARG(buffer, &result);
                    rc = OBJECT_SETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue,
                         "message", buffer);
                }
                break;
            case 2: 
                rc = OBJECT_GETPARAMETER(2, &result);
                if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'N') {
                    OBJECT_SETARG(buffer, &result);
                    rc = OBJECT_SETPROPERTY(objectData->prop_objvalue,
                         "errorno", buffer);
                }
         }
    }

    result.type = 'L';
    result.logical = (rc == 0 ? 'T' : 'F');  
    OBJECT_RETRESULT(&result);
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define GET property handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, NumValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('N', objectData->prop_numvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, LogValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('L', objectData->prop_logvalue);
}  

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, DateValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('D', objectData->prop_datevalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, TimeValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('T', objectData->prop_timevalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, CurrValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('Y', objectData->prop_currvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, CharValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('C', objectData->prop_charvalue);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYGET(clsMyClass, ObjValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();

    if (objectData == NULL) return(-1);

    OBJECT_RETPROPERTY('O', objectData->prop_objvalue);
} 


////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Define SET property handlers
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, NumValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'N') {
        objectData->prop_numvalue = result.number;
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, LogValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'L') {
        objectData->prop_logvalue = result.logical;
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, DateValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;
    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'D') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_datevalue, DATE_DTOS(result.date));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, TimeValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'T') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_timevalue, DATE_TTOS(result.datetime));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc); 
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, CurrValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'Y') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_currvalue, CURR_YTOS(result.currency));
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, CharValue)  
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    struct API_EXPRESSION result;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    OBJECT_GETVALUE(&result);
    if (result.errno == 0 && result.type == 'C') {
        strcpy(objectData->prop_currvalue, result.character);
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}

DEFINE_PROPERTYSET(clsMyClass, ObjValue) 
{
    struct example_data *objectData = (struct example_data *)OBJECT_GETDATA();
    OBJECT  objvalue;
    int rc = OBJECT_ERROR;

    if (OBJECT_GETTYPE() == 'O') {
        objvalue = OBJECT_GETOBJECT(); 
        objectData->prop_objvalue = OBJECT_ASSIGN(objvalue, objectData->object_name);
        rc = OBJECT_SUCCESS;
    }

    return(rc);
}
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These can be found in:

/usr/include/asm-generic

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The ShellEd plugin is a good shell editor for Eclipse
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MQCURMSGS()

Syntax

MQCURMSGS( <expN> )

Description

The MQCURMSGS() function returns the current number of unread messages in the queue specified by <expN>

Example

mqdes=mqopen("/myqueue")
if (mqdes < 0)
   messagebox(strerror()+",errno="+alltrim(str(error())))
   return
endif
do while (mqcurmsgs(mqdes) > 0)
   mstr=mqreceive(mqdes)
   if (empty(mstr))
      messagebox(strerror()+",errno="+alltrim(str(error())))
      return
   endif
   messagebox(mstr)
end do
mqclose(mqdes)

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sernet.de maintain the latest Samba releases in a yum repository, allowing for an easy and painless install or upgrade of Samba on your yum based Linux distribution.

To install the latest available Samba execute the following commands at the shell:

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d
# wget http://ftp.sernet.de/pub/samba/experimental/centos/5/sernet-samba.repo
# yum install samba

To upgrade an existing Samba install:

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d
# wget http://ftp.sernet.de/pub/samba/experimental/centos/5/sernet-samba.repo
## Note: edit sernet-samba.repo and add the line "gpgcheck=false" otherwise 
## it will not install as it is not signed
# yum update samba

Note: These steps will install the very latest build available at sernet.de.
If you require a less bleeding edge version of Samba, use the "tested" repo. This can be found at the following URL: http://ftp.sernet.de/pub/samba/tested/rhel/5

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VMware products, such as ESX, Workstation, Server, and Fusion, come with a built-in VNC server to access guests.

This allows you to connect to the guest without having a VNC server installed in the guest - useful if a server doesn't exist for the guest or if you need access some time when a server would not work (say during the boot process). It's also good in conjunction with Headless Mode.

The VNC server is set up on a per-VM basis, and is disabled by default. To enable it, add the following lines to the .vmx:

RemoteDisplay.vnc.enabled = "TRUE" 
RemoteDisplay.vnc.port = "5901"

You can set a password with RemoteDisplay.vnc.key; details for how to calculate the obfuscated value given a plaintext password are in Compute hashed password for use with RemoteDisplay.vnc.key.

If you want more than one VM set up in this manner, make sure they have unique port numbers. To connect, use a VNC client pointing at host-ip-address:port. If you connect from a different computer, you may have to open a hole in the OS X firewall. If you use Leopard's Screen Sharing.app on the same computer as Fusion, don't use port 5900 since Screen Sharing refuses to connect to that.

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Found a nice subversion plugin for finder on the MAC.

The goal of the SCPlugin project is to integrate Subversion into the Mac OS X Finder. 

  • Support for Subversion.
  • Access to commonly used source control operations via contextual menu [screenshot]
  • Dynamic icon badging for files under version control. Shows the status of your files visually. [ screenshot ]
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In this article Barry Mavin, CEO and Chief Software Architect for Recital debunks the myths and misrepresentations surrounding XBase and explains how Recital, an enterprise-class XBase platform, has overcome all the shortfalls and weaknesses of early XBase implementations.

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In Adobe's own words:

"Adobe® AIR® is a cross-operating system runtime that lets developers combine HTML, Ajax, Adobe Flash®, and Adobe Flex® technologies to deploy rich Internet applications (RIAs) on the desktop."

The outcome of this combination of technologies is that developers can design and render quite beautiful user interfaces cross platform. For us desktop Linux users it is nice to have an additional avenue for obtaining and running attractive desktop applications.

Examples of great Adobe air applications are Adobe.com for My Desktop, TweetDeck and the Times Reader. You can download these applications and many more at the Adobe Marketplace.

The easiest way to install Adobe Air on Fedora 12 is to download the latest build from Adobe, click here.

Once you have downloaded the .bin file do the following at the shell:
su -
chmod +x AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
./AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
Once you have Air installed, there is a slight tweak you will have to do to get it running on Fedora 12, it is related to the security certificates. This can be remedied in one simple line at the shell prompt as root.
su -
for c in /etc/opt/Adobe/certificates/crypt/*.0; do aucm -n $(basename $c) -t true; done
What this line is doing is using the aucm which is the Adobe Unix certificate manager to set the certificates installed as trusted.
You will now be able to go to the Adobe Marketplace and download and run Air applications without any issues.

Enjoy!

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