Database Timelines

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Database Timelines

What are Database Timelines?

Database timelines provide row versioning for Recital database tables. Whenever a change is made to a table that is timeline enabled then delta changes are automatically recorded for each transaction. Changes made to any tables that are timeline enabled can be undone much like you would undo changes to program code that you edit in a text editor.

Using Database Timelines

To enable database timelines all you need to do is issue the set timeline on command in your Recital configuration file.

set timeline on

Viewing a timeline

There are 2 ways to view a timeline.

list timeline [range <begin as string-date> [, <end as string-date>]] [for <condition as logical>] [to file <filename as character>]

To view a timeline for a particular table e.g.

list timeline for table = "customers"

To view a timeline since a certain date use the range keyword. Notice that the date range is encoded as a string in the format "YYYYMMDDHH:MM:SS:". This can be abbreviated e.g.

// list the timeline since 1st October 2009
list timeline range "20091001" 

// list the timeline between the 1st and 7th of October 2009 
list timeline range "20091001","20091007" 

SQL SELECT can be used with the Recital Data Object functions (rdo_xxx() functions) to traverse the timeline and generate html if required e.g.

echo "Timeline report<br>"
results = rdo_query("SELECT * FROM systimeline WHERE between(timestamp, '20091001', '20091007')")
foreach results as row
    echo "Table " + row["TABLE"] + " changed by " + row["USER"] + " on " + row["TIMESTAMP"]
    echo ", command was " + row["COMMAND"] + "<br>"
results = null

Undoing database changes

You can undo database changes with the rollback timeline command. The range and for clauses can also be specified in the same way as the list timeline command e.g.

rollback timeline [range <begin as string-date> [, <end as string-date>]] [for <condition as logical>]

Clearing a timeline

The clear timeline command will reset a timeline.

clear timeline